Two independence wars from Portugal and Indonesia.
Independence after the interim era by the U.N from 1999 to 2002.
Dependence on the public sector due to too much support after independence.
80% of the areas in the country have no electricity owing to two independence wars.
Industrial stagnation due to dependence on oil industry which constitutes more than 20% of GDP.
90% of the people are engaged in agriculture, but they only account for about 40% of the GDP.
The language situation is complicated because education and public administration is conducted in Portuguese, work with an NGO or UN is in English, and daily lives are in the local language.
99% people are Christian (Roman Catholic).
There is a lack of entertainment.
Some machine tools are provided by NGOs.
Inhabitants have skills to mould ceramics.
There are some carpenters in the villages who have woodcraft skills.
The language of Law is complicated, and every law is written in four languages: English, Portuguese, Indonesian, and Tetung.
High temperature and humidity.
During the rainy season, it continues raining so heavily that they cannot work in agriculture.
We can see bamboo, banana and coconuts in a variety of areas.
Casaba and coffee are produced in large quantities.
The landscape is too complicated to develop logistics.
Family-centred culture since the Portuguese colonial times.
The people emphasise their traditions, customs, and ancestral legacies.
If the people had money, they their children could have a better education.
Problem Less industry in the field, and less income.
Coconut juice wine, Wanic, made of coconut shell and coconut juice.
|Food & Water||Wanic|
When a ‘starter’, in which a lot of yeast has already been cultured, is put into a coconut, the coconut juice overflows
– After making a hole, take some juice out of the coconut. Also, make a starter using the juice.
When a maker adds sugar to a coconut, it is difficult to mix this inside the coconut appropriately.
– Shake the coconut carefully.
– Also, after making a hole, take all of the coconut juice from the coconut, and make coconut wine outside the coconut.
When the fermentation proceeds too quickly, the taste changes badly.
– After the degree of alcohol reaches the target, heat it to 60 degrees and stop fermentation.
The fermentation does NOT proceed well.
– Prevent contamination when putting yeast into the coconut juice. For example, open and close the lid as quick as possible. Also, sanitize the toolkit.
There are two types of alcohol made using palm trees, including coconuts, in Timor-Leste. One is Tuak, which is made from the sap of a palm tree, and the other is Arack which is distilled from Tuak. Wanic can inherit and extend this culture.
Wanic can develop an ecosystem that is composed of coconut sales, toolkit production, Wanic manufacturing, logistics and distribution.
The customers for Wanic are not the local people but the tourists who come to Timor. This enables high profitability.
Wanic has a position as a high-price product with which the existing local alcohol beverages cannot compete.
Development of different products with different preservation durations can offer propositions of different value.
Wanic can effectively use the coconut as an abundant resource, most of which is discarded.
Coconut shells which will remain after making Wanics can be used for biomass energy.
Wanic uses degradable materials such as ceramics as much as possible in the manufacture of the toolkits.