Two independence wars from Portugal and Indonesia.
Independence after the interim era by the U.N from 1999 to 2002.
Depend on public sector due to too much support after independence.
80% of the areas in the country have no electricity owing to two independence wars.
Industrial stagnation due to dependence on oil industry which constitutes more than 20% of GDP.
90% of the people are engaged in agriculture, but they only amount to about 40% of the GDP.
Economy only concentrates on Dili, the capital of East Timor.
A charter service from rural areas to the city costs from 300 to 500 USD.
The languages are complicated because education and public administration are in Portuguese, work with an NGO or UN is in English, and daily lives are in the local language.
99% people are Christian (Roman Catholic).
There are some machine tools given by NGOs.
They have skills to mould ceramic.
There are some carpenters in the villages who have woodcraft skills.
Cellular network exists in the rural areas.
The language of law is complicated, and every law is written in four languages: English, Portuguese, Indonesian, and Tetung.
High temperature and humidity.
During rainy season, it continues raining so heavily that they cannot work in agriculture.
We can see many bamboo, banana and coconut in a variety of areas.
Casaba and coffee are produced in large quantities.
The landscape is too complicated to develop logistics.
Family-centred culture since Portuguese colonial times.
The people emphasise their traditions, customs, and ancestral legacies.
If the people have money, they and their children could have better education.
The local people love communication with cellular phones such as SMS and phone call.
The logistic costs from the rural areas to the city are expensive, and the people in the rural areas cannot transport their products to the city. This is one of the reasons why industry in the rural areas has not been developed.
There are some trucks to transport some products from the capital to kiosks in each village. They have the products on the way to each village, and return empty to the city. This can be used as a resource. The farm producers can send an order to pick up their products to a logistic company via SMS. The company can get the picking-up information from each farm producer via an Android application “tranSMS”. After the company delivers their luggage to the kiosks, it will retrieve the products from each farmer and transport them to the city.
|Food & Water|
Some cheap smartphones have only small screens, so the users can’t touch it successfully. Sometimes, the users touched the screen mistakenly and caused unintended initialization, language change and hide the view of reviving call. Once such kind of trouble occurs, they can’t fix it.
– We did some instruction programs for the users to be accustomed to smartphones.
Internet connection cost the users expensive communication charge.
– We explained on ahead that If the users want to use it with cheap cost, the users have to make another contract.
The users didn’t register their phone number, their address, and the route into the application.
– We updated the application that retrieves the data from the address book automatically which enables the users to send messages more easily.
The users didn’t use the application at all.
– Not only we gave the tools, but also we helped them frequently.
The logistic companies only give environmental load and spoil resources because they don’t carry anything to the city. On the other hand, they can make use of this resource by using this application.
The environmental impact increases if the number of the trucks from the city to the rural areas increases to more than the present number.
The rural society and industry will be enriched because the rural products can be transported to the city. They originally cannot be transported there.
If the city expects too much production, there is a possibility that the labour environment in the rural areas will be distorted.
There is another possibility that the production system in the rural areas will be changed due to the needs of the city.
The farmers can get a new income source because they can sell their products in the city.
The logistics company can get a new income source because they can make use of the resource which they have been unable to use on the return journey to the city.
The retailers can get a new income source because they can handle new products from the rural areas.